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Communications & Transport

Ningbo Economic and development zone has formed a transport network, connecting sea, land and air. Highways reach everywhere, of which Shanghai-Hangzhou-Ningbo express running through the zone. It only needs three hours from Ningbo to Shanghai. Ningbo Leshe Airport has opened over 30 air lines, including Ningbo-Hongkong, Ningbo-Macao, Ningbo-Kaosiung; Ningbo-Shanghai-Fukuoka. Moreover, Beilun railway starts from the zone, connecting Xiaoshan, Ningbo, Shanghai, Hangzhou, Zhejiang and Jiangxi, and then joins into national railway network. 

Railways: Xiaoyong railway (ranging from Xiaoshan to Ningbo), linking Zhegan Railway and Huhang Railway, extends 147 km, of which, 66.5 km lies within Ningbo. In addition, there is a 23-km-long feeder line from Ningbo to Zhenhai  and a 35.5- km-long line from Ningbo to Beilun Port. The section has an annual track capacity of 10 million tons. The 13.7-km-long railway from Yuyao to Cixi is designed with the carrying capacity of 1.75 million tons annually and linked to Xinshushan Station of Xiaoshan-Ningbo line. With handling capacity of 12 million tons, Xiaoyong Railway is capable of accommodating 42.3 pairs of trains, including 12 pairs for passenger trains.

Ningbo Railway Station is a national Class A passenger terminal. With a floor area of 5060 sq. m, the station can hold 2,500 passengers in peak time. The direct Ningbo to Baotou train was opened in July of 1993, and that from Ningbo to Hefei in April of 1997, and that from Ningbo to Beijing, Guangzhou, Jilin in October of 1998. In addition, the inter-city train between Hangzhou and Ningbo was opened in 2000 as well. In 2002, Ningbo Railway Station dispatched 3,495,000 passengers and handled 17,256,000 tons cargos.

Similarly, Ningbo North Railway Station is a national Class A freight terminal. Occupying 358 000 m2, the station provides 648 booths, 15 loading lines and 16 special railway tracks; it supplies full-carload and less-than-carload transportation, containerized transportation, and water-land combined transportation; it shoulders goods collection and distribution in Ningbo, Wenzhou, Taizhou and other coastal areas in the east of Zhejiang province.
The targets of railway development during the 10th Five-year Plan period are:

  • Complete the double track for the section between Zhuangqiao and Ningbo (part of Xiaoshan-Ningbo Railway);
  • Fully complete the transform of the double track for Ningbo section of Xiaoyong Railway to reach 13 pairs of passenger trains and annual freight capacity of 32 million tons;
  • Complete Yongtaiwen Railway and Beilun Railway and its supporting depots. 

Highways: The road mileage of Ningbo Municipality reaches 5506 km with the road density being 58.8 km per 100km2. Among them, 184 km is for expressways and 3553 km for the first-grade and second-grade highways. Taking ports as center and cities as the backing, the expressways, national & provincial highways radiate in all directions, forming a traffic network. The roads and main highways include the No.329 national highway leading to Hangzhou and linking Zhoushan, the No.34 provincial highway to Taizhou and Wenzhou, and the No.36 provincial highway to Shaoxin and Jinhua. Besides, 145 km long Hangyong highway was completed in the end of 1996.The 122-km-long expressway linking Taizhou & Wenzhou was finished in Dec. 2001. At the same time the transpotation network has covered the city proper, the countries (county-level cities), and the towns, to handle with passenger and cargo. In 2002, 232 million passengers and 86.3 million tons of cargo were transported through the city’s road network.
The targets of highway development in the 10th Five-year Plan period:

  • Add 120 km expressways so that the total length of expressways in the city can reach 300 km; complete the Ningbo section of Tongshan-Sanya National Expressway and Ningbo-Jinhua Expressway, and the west section of the round-city expressway; speed up the project of Hangzhou Bay Cross-sea Bridge and the cross-sea bridge between Ningbo and Zhoushan so as to develop a basic expressway network radiating in five directions from Ningbo Port and Ningbo city.
  • Build another 313 km first-class highways so as to bring all city areas within a distance of one hour's drive.
  • Renovate and build 1350 km county or town level roads. Raise the road coverage and upgrade the road quality to develop a road network featuring fast traffic move and convenient access. The total length of roads open to traffic will reach 6000 km and the road density 60 km per 100 sq. km.
  • Improve the road surfaces of national, provincial and town roads. Speed up the construction of highways leading to villages, ensuring the highways leading to main villages are of first or second grade and highways cover 90% of all administrative villages.

Aviation: The extending project of Ningbo Lishe Airport had been checked & accepted in September 2002. At present, it is a technically class 4E airport providing advanced communication & navigation control system. Extended airport’s runway is 3200 m long; the new waiting room adopting large-spaning glass curtain wall and modern steel structure covers 43500 m2; aircraft parking areas reach 87000 m2, which can accommodate 15 large or medium sized aircraft at rush hour. The airport can hold 3.8 million passengers every year, and 1700 passengers per hour in peak time; it can handle 46,700 tons of goods and mail per year. Besides, MD-11, and 747-SP type aircraft can take off and land in the airport.    
The airport currently opens 38 domestic, international and local-service airlines, including the lines to Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Shenyang, Xi'an, Xiamen, Nanchang, Haikou, Shantou, Shenzhen, Changsha, Nanjing, Kunming, Chengdu, Lanzhou, Zhuhai, Hefei, Huangshan, Guilin, Chongqin, Dalian, Qingdao, Wuhan, Fuzhou, Harbin, Urumchi, Fukuoka (Japan), Incheon (Korea), Bangkok (Thailand), Hong Kong, Macao, and Kaohsiung (Taiwan). The airport handled 1,278,000 passengers and 25,000 tons cargo in year 2002. It is among the busiest airports of China.

Ports: Ningbo port lies in the middle of China's coastline, bordering Hangzhou Bay in the west, and Zhoushan Archipelago in the northeast. Owing to its deep-water and superior natural geography conditions, Ningbo port is one of the four international deep-water transshipment ports on which the state has laid great emphasis to develop.

The total area of the waters of this area is 270 km2, of which the area of deep-water coastlines exceeds over 100 km. There are 132 berths of over 500-tonnage of which 17 are over 50,000-tonnage. There is the largest berth of 50,000 tonnages for liquid chemicals and the special berths which can accommodate the 4th and 5th generation container vessels in the port. There are also the 200,000-tonnage berth for ore transshipment, and the 25000-tonnage berth for crude oil. Besides, container berths are 1238 meters long, and the water depth at dock apron reaches 15 meters, fitting with huge container cranes outreached of 60.5 meters. All of the above facilities satisfied the demand of berthing and operation for the largest international container ships. The port of Ningbo has turn to be integrated with inland river port, estuary port, and seaport.

Integrated inland inner port, estuary port and seaport, the port of Ningbo is a comprehensive, mulit-functional port with complete small, medium & large berths.
The port of Ningbo is made up of Beilun seaport, Zhenghai estuary port, and Ningbo old harbor areas.

Within Beilun seaport, the deep-water coastline along Daxie Island, Meishan Island and Chuangshan Island is over 121km. In the port, it is designed to build 285 various productive berths, including 152 deep-water ones. So far, 16 deep-water berths have been fulfilled. They are 100,000 tonnage ore transshipment berths (also for 300,000 tonnage: the largest international container ships), 250,000 tonnage crude oil berths, 50,000 tonnage international container berths, coal specialist berth, and universal berths. With 13.5 meters water depth at dock apron, the 900-meter-long international container berths can accommodate the 5th generation container vessel.

Depending on a broad deep-water anchorage and an advantageous position, Beilun Port is an ideal choice for international containers, marine cruel oil supply, bulk and general transportation, and fertilizer filling transshipment.

Zhenhai estuary port is located in the North coast of the entry of Yongjiang River, 21km from Ningbo old harbor areas, and 17 from Beilun seaport. Twenty berths have been built, including 8 berths over 10,000 tonnage for loading and unloading coals, container, liquid chemical products, and bulk goods.

Ningbo port seats at the former urban areas. It is responsible for passenger and goods transshipment along the coastline of the east of Zhejiang province and the cargos handled in the port reach 1.5 million tons every year.

Ningbo port has opened the passenger line via water to Shanghai, Jinshan, Luchao, Putou Mt. Daishan, and Dinghai, ect.

Waterways: Ningbo has navigable waterways of 1262 km. The 252-km-long Hangzhou-Ningbo Canal connects itself with Jianghang Grand Canal and can accommodate 40 tonnage vessels. Currently the city has 632 civil vessels with total 903,000 tonnage and 6977 passenger seats. Among them there are 17 vessels of 10,000 tons with the loading capacity being 483,000 tonnages. The passenger and car ferries and express passenger ships from Ningbo to Shanghai and Zhousan have greatly promoted the economic exchanges and passenger transportation between these places. In 2002, the waterway transportation volume was 1,354,000 person-times passengers and 27,159,000 tons cargos with the turnover of passengers and cargo being 22,892,000 person-kilometers and 28.45 billion ton kilometers respectively.

The Targets of waterway development: In 2003, build a 300 tonnage Yaojiang ship lock, and open Yuyao-Ningbo inland section of Hangyong Canal; basically complete the renovation of Ningbo section of Hangyong Canal; build the Shushan ship lock, Datong ship lock, Yuyao upper and lower reaches, and North Beilun-WangJiayan seaport; complete the renovation of relevant auxiliary works & cross bridges along the line. And the 94-km-long Ningbo section of the Canal will become a 4th-grade navigation channel to accommodate 500-tonnage vessels.

Hangzhou Bay: A large passage: Hangzhou Bay Cross-sea Bridge project was decided to build a cross-sea bridge between Zhengjiali village in Haitang of Haiyan County and Andong village in Cixi city (county-level) of Ningbo. This bridge is designed to be the longest and the grandest cross-sea passageway in Asia.

The passage extends 40.01km, of which the bridge body is an expressway with six bi-directional lanes. This way totals 27.78 km, including 12.23 km for the main bridge and 690 km for the pass bridge. It is designed to be 100km/h for the driving speed, and the project will be built with a total investment of RMB 6,475 million. Besides the national subsidy, the local government has raised money through different ways, including loans from bank, applying bonds issue, and forming local-oriented project company. The project is scheduled to last five years ranging form 2003 to 2008.

The passage plays an important part in enhancing Shanghai's leading role and accelerating the economy development of Zhejiang province. After this project the transportation distance from Zhejiang Southeast part to Shanghai and Jiangsu South area will be greatly shortened, and over 130 km will be saved from Ningbo to Shanghai by the bridge. Therefore, "The Golden Triangular" within 2 hours driving reach between Shanghai, Hangzhou, and Ningbo is about to emerge. According to national regular standard budget, during the twenty years' operation, this passageway can bring three great social effects, that is, decreasing transportation cost, saving passengers' time, and reducing  traffic accidents. These effects are supposed to convert into RMB 44.37 billion Yuan (2219 million yuan per year).


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